Climate change has been recognised as the biggest global health threat of the 21st century by the legal and political thinkers. Climate change occurs through the warming gases, especially Greenhouse gases and depletion of the Ozone layers by humans. Consequently, human life is in the danger zone. Climate change affects the human life in various ways, namely health, food security, livelihood and education. It also threatens the sustainable development. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted, in 1992, to achieve stabilization of green house gas concentration in the atmosphere at level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Despite widespread criticism, a lot has changed and UNFCCC behaviourally effective and was the genesis of International Environment Law (IEL) that sought to combat global climate change in a broad manner. The Paris agreement, adopted in Paris in 2015, marks the latest step to strengthen the global response to combat global warming. However, the tussle between developed and developing countries is complicating the matter because in the race of development no one wants to lose their interest and consequently shift their burden to others. Developing country, are more likely to suffer because of her poor disaster management and pitiable rehabilitation process. Hence, a coordinated approach is needed in keeping the interest of the countries like India in consideration of the world bodies, like UNFCCC.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Pandey, Associate Professor & Director, Centre for Criminal Justice and Reforms (CCJR), Unitedworld School of Law (UWSL)
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