The universal phenomena of escalating violence is perhaps among the greatest concerns of humanity in the contemporary world. Lately, India too has been experiencing violence of an unprecedented quality and magnitude. Therefore, a study of certain specific problems of individual and collective violence with reference to the peculiarity of the Indian conditions is highly desirable. The commonly understood meaning of violence is in physical terms, any deliberate human activity which endangers, injures or destroys human body, property or resources. The factors responsible for violence may be categorized into four convenient varieties, i.e. emanating from economic, political, social and psychological sources. But, in our country there are certain types of collective and personal violence deserve top priority in focusing our attention. Such areas of violence relate to terrorism, communal conflicts, and women. To meet the menace of terrorism, communal violence and violence against women a large number of legislations were enacted in the country. However, enactment of stringent laws to be administered with less liberal procedural safeguards is not enough to curb these problems. The real problem pertains to the actual enforcement of the laws thorough the police and administrative agencies, usually quite beleaguered and demoralized, qualitatively and quantitatively inadequate and having no public support and cooperation. Therefore, only the cumulative effect of the legal and social support may produce some positive result to combat and control the violence in India.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Pandey, Associate Professor & Director, CCJR, Unitedworld School of Law (UWSL)
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