Programmes

B.Design (Hons.) Defence Design

B.Design (Hons.) Defence Design

The Bachelor of Defence Design (B.Des DD) is an honours degree granted by Karnavati University, India (KU). The B.Des DD is offered to students who are residents of India and have completed their pre-university education with a competitive score (10+2).

The Bachelor of Defence Design degree demonstrates the connection between design and national security. It encompasses military command, leadership, and the conduct of significant military operations and strategy, such as warfighting, peacekeeping, and domestic national security operations. Defence design is primarily concerned with the design of products, equipment, systems and strategies employed by armed forces. The degree programme includes both practical and theoretical components. Due to the intrinsic multidisciplinary nature of defence design studies, it relies on allied disciplines such as mechanical engineering, electrical and electronics engineering, computer science engineering etc. The degree also covers defence management, human resource management, international relations, peace studies, sociology, anthropology, strategic and security studies, and warfare studies, among others.

Industry and DDTII (Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India) Karnavati University has established DDTII – Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India, 2021, which promotes and supports students and faculty who are doing research and development in the area of defence design. Students can leverage this opportunity to develop products, equipment and strategies for armed forces. Applied Research will be patented and registered. University and DDTII provides support not only for excellence centers like makers lab, It also guides students in legal proceedings. India’s defence budget is a major priority for 2021 despite having economic constraints from ongoing COVID19 pandemic. The Indian government is concentrating its efforts on border security and boosting Army funding. A significant portion of the funding is being committed to India’s domestic military modernization programme. The aim is to strengthen the indigenous military and air force weapons industries. ‘Make in India’ strategy has encouraged local manufacturers to begin research and development of innovative and indigenous equipment, weaponry, and systems. This movement has created several opportunities for design students, since Indian defence demands not just novel concepts, but also their implementation on the ground. Students may anticipate careers in defence with both government agencies and private operators. Defence design students can pursue projects in a variety of fields which includes – ballistics and weapon systems, explosives and ordnance, military vessels, aerospace/aeronautics and avionics, all-terrain vehicles, advanced manufacturing and material research, military intelligence and forensics, surveillance and reconnaissance, homeland defence systems, and medical corps. Opportunities The Indian defence industry is expanding at a rapid pace, providing further opportunities for engineers, scientists, and designers. Government organizations such as Hindustan aeronautics limited recruits graduates who excel in areas like aerodynamics, mechanical systems, finite elemental method, avionics, and design. There are companies such as Bharat earth movers ltd, Bharat electronics ltd, and Defence Research and Development Organization which are super competitive for graduate students to enter. On the other hand, private firms such as Tata, Mahindra, L&T and few others are interested in recruiting graduate students who excel in the aforementioned areas. The military sector’s start-up ecosystem is thriving in India. Students will be able to offer their abilities and gain valuable knowledge via their involvement in cutting-edge and state-of-the-art projects. Overview The Bachelor of Design in ‘Defence Design’ programme will provide students with the skills and competencies required to not only get employment in the defence sector, but also to pursue advanced research in supporting organizations. The ‘Make in India’ movement, the DDTII – Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India, the Center of Excellence – Makers lab, 3D printing lab, AR/VR lab and advanced metal and wood workshops all serve as stepping stones for students interested in pursuing a career in defence design.

PHILOSOPHY AND APPROACH OF THE PROGRAMME

Introduction to the Defence Design Degree

The Bachelor of Defence Design (B. Des DD) is an honors degree granted by Karnavati University, India (KU). The B. Des DD is offered to students who are residents of India and have completed their senior secondary examination education with an eligibility score.

The Bachelor of Defence Design degree demonstrates the connection between design and defence needs. It encompasses modules primarily concerned with the design of defence-related products, equipment, systems, and strategies employed by armed forces. The honors degree program includes both practical and theoretical components. Due to the intrinsic multidisciplinary nature of defence design studies, it relies on introduction to allied disciplines such as mechanical engineering, electrical and electronics engineering, computer science engineering. The degree also covers defence management, human resource management, international relations, peace studies, sociology, anthropology, strategic and security studies, and warfare studies, among others.

Industry and DDTII (Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India)

Karnavati University has established DDTII – Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India, 2021, which promotes and supports students and faculties who are doing research and development in the area of defence design. Students can leverage this opportunity to develop products, equipment, and strategies for armed forces. Applied Research will be patented and registered. University and DDTII provide support not only for excellence centers like maker’s lab, but It also nurtures students’ ideas with incubation support. This is the first of its kind of courses available in India which looks at defence needs from a product design intervention perspective.

Indian Defence and its Emergence

India’s defence budget is a major priority for 2021 despite having economic constraints from the ongoing COVID19 pandemic. The Indian government is concentrating its efforts on border security and boosting Army funding. A significant portion of the funding is being committed to India’s domestic military modernization program. The aim is to strengthen the indigenous military and air force weapons industries.

The government support provided under the ‘Make in India’ strategy has encouraged local manufacturers to begin research and development of innovative and indigenous equipment, weaponry, and systems. This has created several opportunities for design students since Indian defence demands, not just novel concepts, but also their implementation on the ground. Students may anticipate careers in defence with both government agencies and private operators. Defence design students can pursue projects in a variety of fields which include – simulations and training, user-centered design for defence needs, ballistics and weapon systems, military vessels, all-terrain vehicles, advanced manufacturing, material research, surveillance, and reconnaissance, homeland defence systems, and medical corps.

Opportunities

The Indian defence industry is expanding at a rapid pace, opening new opportunities for designers. The various government, semi-government and private organizations like Hindustan aeronautics, Bharat electronics ltd, DRDO, TATA, L&T are actively recruiting graduates interested in building careers related to the design and development of indigenous defence applications. The start-up ecosystem for the military is thriving in India due to government support. Students will be able to offer their abilities and gain valuable knowledge via their involvement in cutting-edge and state-of-the-art projects.

With Honors, progression on completion of B. des Defence Design shall be: –
  1. Employment as a design professional in the industry engaged in the manufacture of Defence products
  2. Further studies at the post-graduate level in India or abroad
  3. Employment as design researcher/consultant in consultancy enterprises contributing to defence industry requirements
  4. Employment as design professional in public sector institutions dedicated to Defence sector R&D
  5. Establishing and operating own enterprise engaged in a design consultancy or production of Defence products

Overview

The Bachelor of Design in ‘Defence Design’ program will nurture students with the needed skills and competencies required to not only get employment in the defence sector but also to pursue research in supporting organizations. The ‘Make in India’ movement, the DDTII – Defence Design and Technology Incubator of India, the Centre of Excellence – Makers lab, 3D printing lab, AR/VR lab, and high-end material workshops all serve as stepping stones for students interested in pursuing a career in defence design

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Course Structure

Defence architecture of India

Introduces the structure and hierarchy of India’s Defence system, and respective governing organizations. Students will obtain an understanding of both national and international Defence architecture, as well as their respective roles.

Design thinking

Students will be introduced to the design processes and their corresponding methods which enhances one's ability to visualize and create new ideas. Design thinking involves thinking skills that enrich the understanding of methods and strategies in modern design practice.

Design drawing

Beginning with the fundamentals of sketching, students will learn how to effectively communicate ideas through the visual medium. Technical drawing, as well as ideation sketching, are part of this module's curriculum.

Materials science

Students will be introduced to different types of materials as well as the strategies for the material. They will learn about the various attributes of materials sustainably for defense-related purposes.

Ergonomics

Students will understand the importance of Ergonomics and the implementation of anthropometric data in product design related to defense needs.

Introduction to technology

Encourages students to learn about the foundation technologies which uphold the principles of design and usability in Defence. Students will be given the necessary awareness of the basics of electronics and communication, mechanical and computer sciences.

Form Studies

Beginning with the fundamentals of form development, understanding of the relationship between form, space, and structure, understanding of surface and volume

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Design Science

Design science studies the creation of artifacts and their embedding in our physical, psychological, social, and virtual environments. Learning to students through good design improves innovation, sustainable products, and services creates value and reduces or eliminates the negative unintended consequences of technology deployment. In design science, product and system design is addressed by combining analysis and synthesis and drawing from many scientific disciplines.

Workshop Practice

Introduction to all the different types of tools that can be used/should be used to build prototypes/mockups.

Mobility design

Projects with mobility and urban transportation will be introduced in this module. Students will learn about the interior and exteriors of a vehicle, proportions, and technologies for Defence practice. It is planned to encompass all-terrain vehicles for context-specific needs.

Industry Immersion-01

An industrial engagement to understand Defence product design practice.

Professional Ethics

Equipping students with the importance of moral responsibility, code of professional practice, and introduction to intellectual property rights.

CAD modeling & 3D printing

Students will start learning how to read and convert 2D drawings into 3D models digitally using 3D software. Here they will get introduced to different types of modeling like solid modeling, surface modeling, rendering, followed by making a prototype using industry 4.0 technologies.

Research methodology-01

Students will gain insight into qualitative research methodology (methods/tools/technique).

Materials and Technology

Will provide an overview of different materials used in Defence applications and the manufacturing techniques associated with them. It will help create awareness among students about the materials and their relevant applications.

Strategic planning and critical thinking

The modules provide students with the development of critical thinking skills related to warfare. Breaking down the problem into addressable steps by determining the key drivers along with a strategy to address enemy tactics. Supported with case studies.

Human-Centric design (HCD)

Students will be enlightened with principles of HCD to resolve the wicked problems in complex socio-technical systems via small & simple interventions.

Entrepreneurship

Provides insight into converting ideas into reality and taking it forward to set up a company/organization through an incubation center.

Human factors

Students will learn the concept of cognitive ergonomics and implementation of the same in Defence design.

Design & emerging technologies-01

Students will be introduced to emerging technologies. They will be engaged in the most advanced practices that will be used for civilian and Defence purposes. They will also be using these technologies to solve complex systems problems from inside and out.

VR for Design and maintenance

Gives an overview of cutting-edge technologies such as Virtual reality, Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, and Extended reality for Defence applications. Students will be introduced to Unreal and Unity which are open and advanced real-time 3D creation tools for photoreal visuals and immersive experiences. They will also be engaged in using the HMD’s (head-mounted display).

Defence design Project 1

Provides an understanding of typical stages of problem solving and application through the design of categorical products as wearable equipment design.

Defence design Project 1

Provides an understanding of typical stages of problem solving and application through the design of categorical products as wearable equipment design.

Industry Immersion-02

An industrial engagement to understand Defence product design manufacturing and practice.

Basics of Mechanism design

Introducing the students to the basic mechanisms like Actuator, Gears. levers, Ratchets, Springs.

Design & emerging technologies-02

Students will be working on emerging technologies such as Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, Robotics, Blockchain, Bio design, Virtual and Augmented environments. They will be engaging in projects which will utilize the emerging technologies for Defence applications.

Virtual ergo analysis

Students will understand and practice the concept of a proactive approach to physical ergonomics via Digital human modeling software.

Design Optimization

Helps to understand the methodology to support the selection of the optimal design among many alternatives. Students will engage in the application of optimization techniques of material, process, and design with the help of some tools such as Heeds, 3D experience, etc.

Defence design project 2

Introduces mobility design concepts and builds up the capabilities of designing and developing mobility products/systems used in Defence scenarios/contexts. This also involves scope for experimental defense projects.

Research Methodology-02

Students will gain insight into quantitative research methodology (methods/tools/technique).

Product Detailing

Design details for materials, manufacturing methods, and technologies that are based on the context of the project are covered. When working on any project, students will be introduced to approaches and tools that will assist them in creating product detailing following the conceptualization stage. Technical drawings, geometric dimensioning, and tolerances will all be included.

Introduction to Interaction Design

This module provides an introduction to the fundamentals of interaction with the products. Helps to understand how product usability and user experience are related to each other.

Simulation & Analysis

Students will be engaged in learning cutting-edge analysis techniques such as Finite Element Method (FEM), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and Human-machine Interface (HMI) which will be simulated in tools such as Simulia, Ansys, Abaqus, Delmas, RobCAD, etc.

Defence design project 3

Builds up the capabilities to analyze, comprehend the nuances of developing products having significant levels of technical complexities.

Internship (12 weeks)

It’s an intensive industry exposure and engagement, by way of observation, analysis, and synthesis of industrial processes, organization, and role of design specific to the industry. Students will attempt to solve specific Defence design/manufacturing-related problems.

Design for survivability

Focuses on design methods and principles which are solely used for products, services, and systems meant for survivability. Students will be working on survival kits, energy-producing and saving devices, shelters, gears, etc. which help Defence personnel to survive in harsh weather conditions such as snow-covered mountains, desert landscapes, or even the rainforest areas.

Defence Design project-4

Students will start using all the research techniques learned previously to understand what a system is and why it is important. Here the students will get to learn what are all the different aspects involved in a system and how the process is defining the architecture, product design, modules, interfaces, and data for a system to satisfy specified requirements. By using this they can create/theorize a product development.

Design Management

Here the Students will get to understand the management aspect of an organization, where they will learn about the hierarchy of an organization, roles, and responsibilities of a firm, how to collaborate, and function seamlessly in a Design firm.

Research Paper

Student s will be able to draft a technical/research paper via understanding the concept of paragraph structure, Citing sources, plagiarism, and research paper outline.

Graduation Project

Allows students to do an immersive industry-based or self-sponsored project that demonstrates cumulative skills, knowledge, and understanding gained throughout the course.

Strategic Design

Provide learning of how product, system, and communication strategies are associated with each other.

Creative Coding

Students learn to design and create media using object-oriented programming as a medium for design, art, and games which can be implemented for Defence applications. They will also engage in learning processing, javascript, touch designer, and another programming IDE’s.

Tinkering Studio

Students will be doing hands-on and initial Proof of concept of the ideation. So the introduction to sensors, microcontrollers and different components to help them make an initial proof of concept will be put forward.

Sketching

Students will be introduced, how to represent their ideas on paper. Where they will be getting a basic understanding and the importance of sketching.

Model making

Introduction to model-making materials and mediums. Students will understand how to create physical models with the help of different materials.

Defence culture appreciation

Students will be able to understand the organizational culture of the naval, air force, and army in India and foreign countries.

Introduction to Visual communication

Focused on basic concepts of visual elements to convey visual ideas and information via signs, typography, and animation.

Introduction to Modular Design

Students will be introduced to the concept of modularity where they will learn how they can create products that can change their functionality with simple changes in their form, structure, mechanism for multiple uses.

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Focuses on Artificial Intelligence and its application in Defence systems. Students will be introduced to narrow, general, and superintelligences that process Statistical data, Natural language processing, and Computer vision. In addition, they will be involved in the study of ethics in AI.

Introduction to Universal Design

Students will be introduced to the concept of universal design where they will be able to develop a design for inclusivity.

Presentation skill

Broadens the scope of presentation skills along with communication as a prerequisite. students will be introduced to various methods of presentation techniques that will help them to communicate and present well.

Design for Special needs

Students will be working with topics such as physical, emotional, behavioral, or learning disability or impairment that causes an individual to require additional or specialized services or accommodations.

Design for Medical needs

Addresses the need for healthcare intervention in Defence in all kinds of situations. Students will learn specifics about design for medical applications which include medical logistics, equipment, and other critical care and preventive care devices.

Nature and Form

Understanding products that are inspired by nature, Students get to understand how to use nature to create aesthetic value to the current products and learn about capturing nature to convert it into functional products with forms.

Biomimicry

Students will be introduced to biomimetic and its corresponding design methods which help them to design sustainable and feature-rich products, services, and systems. They will be engaging in taking inspiration from Flora & Fauna and applying those working principles to the design of objects.

Testimonials

FAQs

A B.Des in Product Design programme focuses on designing products, services, and systems from the raw stage to finished stage. The course imparts knowledge on methodologies of procurement and development of a product.
The product design course emphasises on the broad exploration of design practice. It allows aspiring designers to develop their critical, managerial, and technical skills. The course focuses on process-driven design from conception to implementation.
B.Des in industrial design deals with services, products, and systems addressing form, function, usability, aesthetics, sustainability, and technologies. Aspirants explore problem-solving and creative thinking processes to bring value to communities and companies.
Yes, product design is an excellent career choice. Day by day, the demand for product designers is increasing. With the appropriate skill set and dedication, product designers can get lucrative job opportunities with handsome salaries.
When it comes to product design, there are different types like system design, process design, and interface design. The areas of mastery are simple product design, technically complex products, UI/UX, design for social impact, and design for sustainability.
For undergraduate program in Product Design at UID, students should have passed 10+2 from a recognised board in any stream with a minimum 50% aggregate marks. Aspirants should clear the UID's Design Aptitude Test (Tier 1 & 2).
Students are required to have a high degree of technical proficiency balanced with creativity and hands-on approach, commercial awareness, computer literacy including 3-D conceptual ability, visual and spatial awareness, and knowledge of industrial techniques, standards, and processes.
At UID, the course curriculum for product designing focuses on consumer goods with an emphasis on the design of form and styling, user-centred design, holistic product development, and value engineering.
After completing the product design course, students may join as Interaction/ UX designers or can contribute as retail/exhibition experience designers. They can work as Design/ UX researchers.
The salary package of a Product Designer varies from company to company. Many companies offer handsome salaries depending on the designer’s performance and experience. It is a good career option that gives you a host of opportunities with good packages.
To be a product designer, the candidate must have a B.Des degree. At UID, we offer a well structured B.Des Product Design programme that enables students to design products and services that make life easier.
The core subjects include design & cultural studies, communication skills, drawing, basic design, material exploration, model making, form space and structure, typography, interaction design, and model making.
A product designer plays a major role in the stages of product development. They are in charge of a product creation process - from conception to implementation. They are responsible for discovering a problem and designing the solution empathically.
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